What are the types of water treatment?

Different types of water treatment?

There is a few nut let’s just discuss the four most common household types of water treatment.
Filtration system is where impurities is been removed by means of filters.
Water Softeners system is a system that reduces the hardness of the water caused by calcium and magnesium.
Distillation System is a process that takes impure water and boils it then collects the steam in a cold container.
Disinfection is a physical or chemical process that deactivates or kills microorganisms.

Water Filtration system.

The Filtration System could be different types of water filters that remove impurities from the water source.
There is different media that’s been used in these filters.
Some is wool, Polyurethane, and other material.
This water filters is just to remove solid mater like sand, dust and sediment.
Activated carbon is most of the time used to remove or collect chlorine and other chemicals that could be present in the water.
KDF filters is been used to kill or destroy microorganisms. I don’t know if this media is effective. I will not promote it until I have tested it.

Water softener system.

The water softeners system is a system that reduces the hardness of the water caused by calcium and magnesium. The system is very effective and makes the water soft. The system need about 50 kg of salt per month depends on the volume of water been used.

Distillation System.

Distillation System is a process that takes impure water and boils it then collects the steam in a cold container. This is an expensive way to purify water. The problem with this is that if there are chemicals in the water it would also evaporate. The chemicals would then be present in the water. Giving the user of the water a false sense of security. Not a wise option.

Disinfection of water.

Disinfection is a physical or chemical process that deactivates or kills microorganisms.
We talk about the application of ultraviolet light, heat or electronic radiation.
The most common one is the ultraviolet light.
I have found that chlorine is not effective when it comes at parasites like roundworms.

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Borehole connection to house

I Bought a property recently that has a borehole. Currently, the borehole is only supplied to one tap in the garden area. I have tested the borehole water at a local water testing laboratory. I want to connect the water onto the house but I don’t know if the water is safe for consumption.

Water connection to house.

Is it possible for me to connect the borehole to the main water supply, which supplies the house (drinking, geysers, toilets etc.)? I am not sure what type of submersible pump is installed at the borehole. I have a JoJo tank for the water from the borehole. Do I need another tank or is the one tank sufficient? I want it to work from pressure as a tap is opened. What would be needed for this? Also do I need to convert anything inside the house, such as toilet, washing machine etc.  I am assuming the supply might not be constant 4 kpa?

Water testing result analyst.

Before I can give you any advice on the treatment and usage of your borehole water I need the water results. This is very important. From the results we can established what actions to be taken. This is to ensure that we treat the water the correct way. There is no such system that treats all issues at once. I’m talking about the view people have about the “reverse osmosis system” and the “Big blue system”.

Calcium and magnesium readings.

Every element or groups of elements must be treated in a different way. For instance if you take Calcium and magnesium. You must know what the total hardness of the water is and that is why you must know what the calcium and magnesium reading are. This element is not a health risk but it can cause financial losses due to the lime built-up in the pipes and around the geyser element.

Iron and manganese readings.

These two elements can be a health risk if it is too high. It is also have a financial implication due to the fact that it can stain white surfaces. Cloths and baths, basins etc. can be stained. These elements must be eliminated as far as possible. The treatment of these elements takes a good knowledge of the processes involved. The treatment systems and processes can become expensive.

Borehole connection to house

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Borehole Drilling Process

Steps for the Borehole Drilling Process. You will notice while driving about all the posters plastered on walls and fences the suburbs over: “borehole drilling”. Those whose fences, walls and gates boast the poster are the only ones whose lawns are still green, whose cars are pristine, and whose water bills are still lean… All thanks to the borehole or well point!

Need for a borehole.

Now is the time that the need for a borehole is bigger than ever. Especially due to the water bills that just gets bigger and bigger while the informal settlements waste water as if there is no water shortage. They are the wasters because they get it for free.  It is a wise choice to get a borehole for the times to come. What if the rainfall is less than last year?

Alternative water sources.

With the dams drying up, the municipal water costs going up, and the people gets fed up with the bills. Now, it’s more important than ever to understand and consider alternative water sources. A borehole or well point is the option.

Want A Water Borehole.

You Want A Water Borehole; What is the next step? The options are clear. A borehole or a well point. The one is a lot cheaper than the other one. The only difference is that the well point needs a sandy area where the borehole can be drilled at any location.

What about the atmospheric generators?

That sounds like a very noble idea. The fact is that it is still a new invention and expensive. It is green but what is the amount of electricity it uses. To generate electricity is not a very green process. What is the amount of water it provides a day? Is it really worth looking into that option? I don’t think so.

Drilling a borehole.

The 5 steps in drilling a borehole?

The 5 steps in drilling a borehole Process.

Step one is to get the funds available at leased R 100.00 depends on how deep the water is in your area.

Step 2 – The Hydro-geologists site inspection.

First you needs to be determined where the water is, and how we’re going to get to it. That’s why we ask for hydro-geologists to make use that there is some water like a crack underground.

There is a variety of borehole drilling methods to assess the geophysical properties of the underlying area. These are the guys that help us ensure we’re not drilling into natural hazards or manmade infrastructure like pipelines, cables, phone lines, etc.

Step 3 – Drilling and Construction

Once the hydro-geologists provide us with the information that we need we can get our drilling equipment in place.

Once the borehole has been drilled the necessary unstable lengths of the borehole are steel cased in an effort to reinforce the borehole.

Step 4 – Determining the yield of the borehole.

In order to most accurately gauge the yield of amount of water that the borehole produces. This involves installing a test pump and pumping the borehole water for a fixed set of variables; a given time at a given rate and then assessing the test’s impact on the water level in the borehole. Maximum yield is achieved by increasing the abstraction rate, ensuring optimum drawdown of water in the borehole.

Step 5 – Pumping and piping of the borehole.

The kind of pumping system and piping installed in your borehole will largely depend on the intended use of the borehole water.

Cape Aquifer

All you need to know about Borehole and wellpoint water in the western Cape. This is not our view but a article of the negative views of some of the doom prophets.

View of borehole and well point water usage. 

Over the past few years there has been a shift in the mentality amount garden owners about tapping into groundwater for irrigation purposes. The initial attitude was one of complete abundance, almost as if the ground several metres below us is soaked in water.

Irrigating with borehole water and wellpoint water.

I call this the “sponge in a bathtub” mindset. The sponge floats with top just sticking out above the water line. Stick a straw into the sponge and you would be able to suck the water out of it.

In recent years this mindset has been shown to be fallacious as many wellpoint and borehole users have learned their lesson the costly way. Within months, for some, after sinking a bore hole their water supply has dried up. Drilling companies are no longer able to guarantee hitting water, nor are they able to guess how long the ground water will be available.]

Drilling the borehole deeper.

Some have stuck to the old unsustainable mentality and have decided to just drill deeper. Hoping to hit water again. The problem lies in the nature of gravity. Groundwater is always drawn deeper into the earth's crust. The more “straws” we stick into the sponge the faster the water level drops.


Now you may have heard the counter argument that rainwater replenishes groundwater supplies. This is only partially true. Cape Town has several underground aquifers, some shallow and some deep below the surface. "Statements of these so-called aquifers that is so big and that have this big amounts of water. Any person that makes a statement of anything underground is a liar. I will tell them in their face. They want to give the impression that the know but they don’t have an any knowledge at all. They must become politicians."

Cape Aquifer.

The shallow Cape Flats Aquifer can sometime be seen above ground, during times of high rainfall, and may lie as deep as 10 metres below ground at certain locations. This ground water source is replenished when it rains every year.

Table Mountain Group Aquifer.

Other ground water sources form part of the the Table Mountain Group Aquifer which lies much deeper. It is not uncommon for these borehole pumps to be sunk 80+ metres below. The problem with accessing this source of water lies in the extremely gradual recharge rate. This recharge rate is in terms of hundreds of years and not just one single year compared to the Cape Flats Aquifer. It is therefore not surprising that many shallower boreholes of 20 to 40 metres have dried up in recent years. Sucking water from this depth is unsustainable and costly.

Dry borehole.

I would not be surprised if you you know of a friend or neighbour who’s borehole has run dry in recent years. This is often the same story we hear from clients struck by the misfortune of their wellpoint or borehole drying up. For them we provide a sustainable solution to their water problem that still allows them to enjoy the bounty of their garden. It is true that we will not be able to supply thousands of litres of water to irrigate large water thirsty gardens daily but with our systems your garden is assured of water every day as long as you are still bathing, showering and doing laundry.

Cost of a borehole.

The cost of a borehole could be R50,000 + with the uncertainty of not knowing whether you will hit water or if it will dry up in the next year of two or you could spend between R8500.00 and R 12 000.00 on a greywater system and be guaranteed water everyday for many years to come.

Garden choice.

What choice will you be making this season as summer threatens the existence of your garden?

Well Point Drilling Contact

Well Point Drilling Contact

Contact numbers for Well point drilling.

The well point drilling begins and ends at this website. All that you do is to contact Raymond at 076 792 5183. If you want peace of mind get in contact with Raymond today.

Well point drilling contractor.

Raymond is a well point drilling contractor that is passionate about the well point drilling. Why wait? Contact Raymond now at 076 792 5183.

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Water Table

The water table is the level of the ground water under the ground from the surface.

The water table means?

  • The water table is the top surface of the saturated water area or level of the water from the surface level.
  • You will notice that people always refer to as “how high is the water table”.
  • The water table may be higher or lower in the ground, depending on how much rain fall in that area.
  • Fog and heavy mist can also have an effect on the water table.
  • The depth of the water table can vary from ground level in some areas in the western Cape to 80 meters or more.
  • During the winter months the water table is at its highest in the Western Cape due to the fact that their rainy season is during the winter.
  • Inland like Gauteng the water table is at its highest during the summer due to the rainy season.

The level of the water table.

  • The level of the water table can fluctuate from area to area.
  • This is due to the ground formation and the ground structure.
  • Sand tends to have a higher water table than Clay or Silty soil.

How to measure the water table.

  • The only way to measure the water table is to dig a hole in the ground or drill one.
  • At some places during the rainy season you would just dig a 30 centimeter hole and you will notice the water seeps through the ground to a level.
  • That is the water table for that specific area on that time.
  • During the non-rainy season you will notice that the water table would be much deeper.
Water Table

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Manganese in Water

Manganese is an essential nutrient, required in trace amounts for human health.

Manganese stains.

  • The presence of black stains, particles and metallic taste often makes it obvious that manganese is present in the water even without water testing.
  • Initially clear water that subsequently forms black solid particles over time contains reduced manganese.

Dissolved Manganese.

  • Dissolved or reduced manganese is most common in groundwater with a pH less than 7.0.
  • Solid black particles that appear immediately in water contain the oxidized form of manganese.
  • Manganese toxicity targets the brain and central nervous system.

Exposures to Manganese.

  • Exposures to manganese in drinking water are much lower than the high inhalation exposures seen in industry that have been associated with severe neurological and neuromuscular effects.

Infants and manganese.

  • However, elevated manganese in drinking water is of particular concern for formula-fed infants.  
  • Infants will absorb a higher amount of manganese than the rest of the family.
  • Did you know that infant milk formula is already supplemented with manganese.
  • Infants also tend to absorb more manganese and have a reduced capacity to excrete it.
  • Treatment for manganese removal includes water softening, oxidizing filters, polyphosphate addition,  or oxidizing always followed by the application of filtration.
  • Less common treatments include ozonation, aeration, and catalytic carbon.
Manganese in Water

Water treatment system shop

Where can I find a water treatment system shop? I have a well point and looking for a water treatment system shop. I want to get a water treatment system for my well point but can’t find any shop that can assist me

Water treatment system shop in the Cape Region.

I’m searching for a water treatment system shop in the Cape Region. The only one that I can find is the water treatment system shop in Oakdale, Barnard street 57. They have assist and advised me on all the aspects of my well point water quality. I bought the system they have recommended and it work better than I have expected.

Cape Town water treatment system shop.

The best water treatment systems shop in Cape Town is in Barnard street 57, Oakdale. Look for DIY Water Systems. You have the option to decide what you want to get or if you ask them for advice they are eager to assist you. After talking to them I look with different eyes to water. The treatment of water is more complex that a person thinks. It is better to talk to people that specialize in that field.

Western Cape water systems shop.

If you want to get your water treatment system in the Western Cape the best place to visit is in Barnard street 57, Oakdale.  The name is DIY Water Systems. The landline is 021 949 6443. It is like visiting your best friend.

Shop that sells water systems.

If you search for a shop that sells water systems, the place to visit is in Barnard street 57, Oakdale. Before you waste your time by driving from one shopping center to the next go straight to this shop. Remember DIY Water Systems.

Water treatment system shop

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Borehole water Safe in cape town

Is the borehole water safe in Cape Town for human consumption? I would say that the water at some areas is not suitable for human consumption. The water must first be treated before you can use it.

Borehole water in the cape region.

The borehole water in the Cape region differs from good to bad even in the same area. The best option is to test the borehole water. The water analysis is expensive and we have compiled a list of elements that differs the most during tests. If you want to get a copy of the list, you can email us and ask for the list.

Borehole water quality in the cape region.

There are seven elements that play a major factor in the quality of borehole water. The first is a low pH level. Second are two elements that works together and they are Sodium and Chloride. The fourth is Iron and Manganese. The sixth is Calcium and Magnesium. If these seven elements appear together it is sometimes not possible to treat the water and when we can treat the water it becomes very expensive.

Borehole water treatment in the cape region.

Borehole water treatment in the cape region is not as easy as people think it is. People think that you can treat borehole water with just a few water filters and that would be fine. That is not the case. Most of the time we don’t even use filters but different applications and methods.

Borehole water dangers in the cape region.

To drink borehole water even if it tastes good it still requires testing. Health effects caused by water don’t appear overnight. They take weeks, months or even years to appear. Things like kidney failure, liver failure, cancers or Alzheimer’s take years to manifest. When you get the illness you never think of the water because you drink it for years. That is the problem. The illness is then at that stage un-reversible. You look for something else but never the water. You must remember that the stuff that you put in your mouth will be absorbed by your body. Don’t let somebody or one of your loved ones get any health issues due to the water.

Danger of Iron in the borehole water.

A few years ago a friend of mine bought a farm with water in abundance. There was only one problem. There was iron in the water. They stayed on the farm for about five years. During that time his oldest son was diagnosed with a type of cancer that was in his stomach. He went for surgery and they removed it in time. That was due to the iron that was in the borehole water.

When To Test Your Water And Why

When to test your water and why depends on your seriousness about your health. The moment you use any water that is not been treated. If the quality of the water is unknown. Water is the force of live but it also has the ability to kill you. Water is absorbed by the body and everything that is present in the water will also be absorbed. Some elements in the water take months and even years to manifest. When it manifest it is too late to take any preventative measures. Most of the time it is kidney failure, liver failure or a type of cancer or other illness.

Water resources in the Cape Region.

Water resources in the Cape Region have reached a critical point where people looking to alternative water resources.

Water Resources in South Africa.

The  water resources in South Africa’s  is a scarce commodity, due to the water scarcity people is sometimes force to rely on alternative sources water resources other than relying on municipal water supply. People draw their water supply from a borehole, well point, dam or river. When water sources is been used where the water is not been treated it is best to determine whether the water quality is up to the SABS 241 standard for usage. The correct water analysis or water testing is the only way to determine this and this must only be done at an accredited laboratory.

Municipality water quality.

Municipality water quality is regulated within strict guidelines and standards to ensure that high quality water is supplied to the public. Up to 20 000 water samples is been tested every month to ensure that the water conforms to the standards. We don’t talk about municipalities that are prone to failing infrastructure and corruption.

Water Quality.

In some instances the water has high mineral contents, like salts or pathogens not to mention the low pH in the water.  The total hardness in the water is also a major problem due to the potential damage it can cause to appliances and piping throughout household and industrial cooling systems.