Water treatment involves any process that treat the water quality to ensure that the water is more acceptable for the end-use. The end user could be the domestic household for drinking purposes, industrial manufacturer of food products, and irrigation for the crops. There is thousands of uses for water that is been treated to a safe portable standard. It is also important to ensure that the water that returns to the environment must also be of a quality that would be of benefit for the environment.
During the water treatment process contaminants is been removed of any undesirable components, if it can’t be removed it must be reduced to a concentration that the water would become fit for its desired use.
Treatment of drinking water.
The treatment of drinking water involves the removal of contaminants and any unwanted elements from the raw water to provide water that is of a high quality and comply with applicable standards for human consumption.
The focus is on the elimination of any short term or long term risk of any health risk effect the water could have on humans.
During the treatment process to get the water at a portable standard some of the following substances are removed, it involves suspended solids, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi, and minerals such as iron, manganese, fluoride, boron and aluminium just to mention a few.
Water Treatment Processes.
The water treatment processes involved in removal of contaminants it includes physical treatment processes such as filtration, settling and / or chemical processes such as disinfection, coagulation and biological processes such as sand filtration and flocculation.
Water Treatment Systems.
Water treatment systems are a very specialized field. There is no such thing as one system treats all water issues. We know that in the field people would inform you that you must get the reverse osmosis system to treat all the water that you may use in the house. This is wrong. The reverse osmosis system waste a lot of water and it is not practical to use the reverse osmosis water throughout the house. To flush the toilet with reverse osmosis water is a waste.
Water treatments systems and their specifications.
The reverse osmosis system would not remove nitrates and nitrites from the water. It would not remove iron and manganese from the water. The calcium and magnesium would clog up the membrane of the reverse osmosis system within a few months. That is expensive. Every aspect of the water quality needs its specific treatment process and system.
Reverse osmosis system in the house.
The big reverse osmosis systems that the people think are the “In thing” to have is not a very bright idea. The reverse osmosis water is acidic and tends to corrode the pipes. You will notice green or blue marks in the toilets and clothes that’s been stained a blue or green colour.